By Dr Paul Freinkel
Systems tend towards integrated wholes which, rather than working contrary to the second law of thermodynamics, harnesses the principles of information, energy and entropy for purposes of further self organization. These principles of organization hold true through the four major groups of ascending complexity as well as within disparate scientific and philosophical disciplines. It is precisely because of this commonality of process that holism can form the framework for interdisciplinary enquiry. This paper forms the background against which further investigation into the emergence of complex adaptive systems may take place. Such investigation may tend towards understanding the emergence of consciousness and self consciousness within systems and how these systems interact to form social / environmental, moral and spiritual meta-systems.
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